1. About Kyrgyzstan

1.1 Geography and climate

Official name– the Kyrgyz Republic.

The Kyrgyz Republic is located in the east of the Central Asia, mainly within the western and central part of Tien-Shan and northern part of Pamir Mountains. It occupies 199 thous. sq.
The Kyrgyz Republic is a mountain country, 94.2% of its territory is 1,000 m. above the
sea level.
In the north, the Kyrgyz Republic has boundaries with Kazakhstan, in the west – with Uzbekistan, in the south-west– with Tajikistan, in the south-east – with China.
The climate is diverse – from extremely continental to almost marine. Air temperature changes from -40°С in winter to +40°С in summer.
Sub-political divisions. The Kyrgyz Republic is a unitary republic that consists of seven oblasts (Chui, Issyk-Kul, Talas, Naryn, Jalal-Abad, Osh and Batken oblasts) and two cities of national significance (Bishkek and Osh). The capital of the Kyrgyz Republic is the city of Bishkek.

1.2 Population and language

The population of the Kyrgyz Republic constitutes 5.663 mln. people (January 2014). The Kyrgyz Republic is a multi-national state. The main part of its population consists of Kyrgyz people. In addition, the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic is also populated with Uzbeks, Russians, Dungans, Uygurs, Tajiks, Turks and Kazakhs.
The state language of the Kyrgyz Republic is Kyrgyz. Russian is used in the Kyrgyz Republic as official language. The Kyrgyz Republic guarantees the right to preserve native language, create conditions for its learning and development to the members of all ethnic groups that comprise the people of Kyrgyzstan…

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